Family law in India is rather unique as it needs to be very specific to the various religions that are practiced here. This area of law takes into consideration the customs, beliefs and tenets of religions such as Hinduism, governed by Hindu Law, Islam (Muslim Law), Zoroastrianism (Parsi Law) and Christianity (Christian Law).
The Family Courts Act 1984 established the creation of Family Courts through a Gazette notification by the Central Government. These courts are to be established in a town or city where the population exceeds one million or in any area where the State Government considers establishing it. One or more judges constitute the Family Courts but each judge is competent to exercise all the powers of the court. Service of Legal solutions extends to all matters that pertain to matrimonial issues, maintenance, alimony and custody of children in a marital dispute or a divorce including:
- Suits or proceedings between parties to a marriage for a decree of restitution of conjugal rights, judicial separation, nullity of marriage or divorce.
- Maintenance related issues.
- For an order of injunction in certain circumstances arising in a matrimonial relationship.
- For declaring legitimacy of any person.
- Suits or proceedings between parties regarding dispute about the property.
- Guardianship or custody of any minor or child.